The Auld Kirk has
many links with the timelines of British history and one of these links is with
the Covenanters and the "Killing Times".
Two main turning points in Scottish history were the Reformation of 1560, and the Union of the Crowns of Scotland and England in 1603 through James VI of Scotland. The first gave Scotland a protestant church, the second saw a Scottish monarch inherit the English throne, and although both countries were protestant, the major difference in their protestant face was that in England the church recognised the monarch as its supreme head on earth with royal power being controlled through powerful bishops acting as the crown's agents. Meanwhile in Scotland, with the recent problems of Mary, Queen of Scots being a catholic and a protestant regency for James VI, the church was able to evolve free from state control, but the state did feel that it needed to restore its authority and that's when all the trouble began.